What is hyperpigmentation?
Picture credit: hzrebtech.com
Hyperpigmentation is a generally harmless situation in which patches of skin becomes darker than the normal nearby skin. This is because the body naturally produces a pigment known as melanin through specialized cells known as melanocytes. In people with fair skin, only small amounts of melanin are manufactured by the melanocytes, while large amounts of melanin are manufactured by those with dark complexion. So when you get that dark patch, that means an overload of melanin has been deposited in the skin.
It is usually pretty difficult to get rid of these dark patches because a person could be struggling with aging, acne, hyperpigmentation, sunburn extreme dry skin etc. You would agree with me that a single product in itself cannot tackle all these problems. This is because there are different skin types. Also some ingredients don't go along with each other, while some need to be within a specific pH range to work properly.
So for those dark patches to get lighter, the amount of melanin manufactured by the melanocytes has to be reduced. One active ingredient that aid in the suppression of melanin to give a sparkling, flawless is kojic acid.
What is this kojic acid?
Just before the breakthrough of the magical powder called kojic acid, the component hydroquinone was mainly the active component used to lighten and clear out dark spots/ hyperpigmentation. The component hydroquinone is usually prescribed by dermatologist to lighten skin condition or lightens the skin generally. The disadvantage is that sometimes it causes reaction like dark knuckles or angles, skin rash, stretch marks and can severely dry out the skin making it look like the eczema disease.
But Kojic acid is an all natural ingredient derived from